She is asked from the ozzi Danieli, commander of “Ladies Long lasting Secretary to possess Safety of women and kids Immigrants” (ICW 1909-1919), to review performing and you will life style requirements of females immigrants for the Us (36)
A vermont Condition “Factory Exploring Payment” was developed after the TSF flame to answer “the brand new consult of the people of County getting a careful and you will scientific study of the conditions under hence dudes, female and kids work with the various marketplace. The nation’s lawmakers licensed the new Payment in order to query towards requirements not as much as hence creation is carried on from inside the metropolitan areas of basic and second class of your State, on prevent one to remedial statutes could be introduced on safety of lives and health of all the factory workers and you may for the best hobbies of societal generally” (40). Regulations was basically enacted because of the Commission’s very first year’s functions (19step 12) requiring: step one. Subscription from factories. dos. step 3. Fire drills. cuatro. Automated sprinklers. 5. Fire reduction by the elimination of rubbish; fire-evidence receptacles to possess waste elements; protection out of gas jets; ban off puffing inside the production facilities. 6. Prohibition of dinner food from inside the rooms where harmful substances was basically prepared or made in the process of manufacture; adequate scorching and you will cold laundry business this kind of institutions. seven. Prohibition off a position of females to possess 30 days just after childbearing. 8. Breakdown of the energies of your own Commissioner away from Labour into the sanctioning risky and you can unclean industries.
Actual examination of youngsters in advance of issuing a certificate allowing them to functions
Irene de- Bonis dei Baroni de Nobili (1869-?) are a member of the fresh new National Council of females (CNDI) dependent from inside the Italy inside 1903 since the a part of one’s In the world Council of women (ICW), which kept their very first meeting within the Arizona D.C. for the 1888. Previously, inside 1908, the entire Immigration Fee of your own Italian Ministry off Foreign Situations had hired brand new Irish-Italian Amy A beneficial. Bernardy (1879-1959) and come up with an inquiry toward moral and you may issue conditions regarding feminine and kids on east section of U . s ., labeled as “Little Italies” (3).
De Bonis remaining Naples toward August 29 th 1911 up to speed the fresh Duca di Genova for new York and you can returned seventy-three days later on panel this new Oceania. Throughout their unique visit New york she found 235 third-class immigrant female and you will assisted them compliment of Ellis Island. Afterwards she went to Ny, Newark, Brooklyn, Corona. Her arrival into the Ny was launched by the Sunrays (12nd Sep): “To analyze Woman’s SUFFRAGE Right here. Brand new Italian steamship Duca di Genova and therefore showed up off Naples yesterday early morning and you can happened in the Quarantine, has on board new Baroness Irene de- Bonis de Nobili, one of the most energetic workers for females suffrage within the Italy who has got reach America and then make a study of one’s reputation off Italian immigrant female right here. Brand new Duca di Genova may come onto their own dock so you can-day” (37). The fresh new newspaper Este Paso Herald (fifteen th Sep) together with announced : “BARONESS Is always to Assistance Country Women – Baroness De- Nobili, one of the leading spirits of your own female’s suffrage movement during the Italy, enjoys left Family for new York to your steamer Duca d’Aosta, and then make an examination of standards out-of Italian women in the new Us. The fresh baroness, whose full term was baroness Irene de- Bonis de Nobili aims to look for the way in which the women organisations from Italy is from help its emigrated sisters” (10).
From inside the New york De Bonis met the Chairman of Women’s Trade-union Category (WTUL) Margaret Dreier Robins (1868-1945). While the president of your own League, Margaret Robins assisted plan out women into unions, instruct female workers and you may advocate to own progressive legislation. She actively supported of many strikes, most notably the new All over the world Ladies Garment Workers’ hit for the New york (1910) known as “the nice revolt” of sixty,000 cloak makers. She pushed to have defensive rules limiting the occasions out of ladies functions, and you can she presided across the League during the very important period (26). De Bonis also met their own administrator Assistant Helen Marot (1865-1940), who had penned Handbook of Work History (1899) or other associated contributions. Inside 1903 Robins registered the latest WTUL and examined kids labour when you look at the New york plus Florence Kelley and you will Josephine Goldmark (1877-1952) (26). De Bonis along with met E Dutcher, Chairman of your Little Italy Neighborhood Connection. This Association was mainly based in Brooklyn in 1905 and something of new sisters away from Margaret Dreier, Katherine Sophie Dreier (1877-1952), is actually a co-maker (26).